Non-equilibrium devices such as thermoelectric devices, solar cells, and heat machines exploit energy/particle currents that flow through a system coupled to multiple baths.
Although the fluxes increase as the coupling strengthens in the weak coupling regime, why they decrease to zero for large coupling values remains unknown.
This turnover effect has been predicted in several systems such as photosynthetic complexes, thermoelectric devices and chemical networks, without a single counterexample, resulting in a constrained performance due to the limited currents.
We also found that this effect limits the performance of heat machines.
The ubiquity of this effect could indicate its universality and a fundamental physical mechanism behind it.
In our group, we are studying the “turnover effect” and unveiling the physical mechanism behind it.
For this, we use both numerical and analytical methods to analyze the “turnover effect” and look for common physical behaviors among widely different realizations.
Moreover, we are looking for basic design principles that will help avoid or minimize the impact of the turnover effect on microscopic non-equilibrium devices, such as nano-heat machines or thermoelectric devices, and unleash the full potential of these devices.
The “Turnover Effect” In Heat Engines
The “Turnover Effect” In Chemical Reactions
The “Turnover Effect” In the Spin-Boson model
The “Turnover Effect” for Spin baths